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Plate 2     Imported Coinage    <info>

Imported Coinage

Most of the coins imported into Britain were struck by the Ambiani tribe.

The first imports began about 125 B.C and coins continued to be imported until the end of the Gallic War.

 

Imported Gold Coinage    Gallo-Belgic C    Abstract Design Type    <info>

Gold coins imported into Britain before the Gallic War.

42.0142.0344.0146.0148.01

48.01

48 - 01     Abstract Design Type    80-70 B.C.    R
Gold Stater    6.45 gms.    16 mm

Earliest Record: De La Tour, 1892

OBV: abstracted head of Apollo right
Identifying points:
     1) head is now unrecognizable
     2) face small compared to 46 - 01
     3) face less dominant in design compared to 46 - 01

REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
     1) horse is thin and lanky

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic C

NOTES: Scheers Cl. C V, Pl. IV, no. 91.
                Standard weight given.
                Ambianic origin.

46.01

46 - 01    Abstract Design Type    80-70 B.C.    R
Gold Stater    6.45 gms.    17 mm

Earliest Record: Mack, 1953

OBV: abstracted head of Apollo right
Identifying points:
     1) Wreath more dominant than on 44-1
     2) lips missing

REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
     1) exergual line normally visible

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic C

NOTES: Scheers Cl. C-IV, Pl. IV, nos. 89-90.
                Standard weight given.
                Ambianic origin.

44.01

44 - 01    Abstract Design Type    80-70 B.C.    R
Gold Stater    6.65 gms.    16 mm

Earliest Record: De La Tour, 1892

OBV: abstracted head of Apollo right
Identifying points:
     1) face smaller than on 42 - 01
     2) larger eye than on 42 - 01
     3) curves of nose spread further apart than on 42 - 01

REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
     1) horse more stylized than on 42 - 01

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic C

NOTES: Scheers Cl. C III, Pl. IV, nos. 87-88.
                Standard weight given.
                Ambianic origin.

42.03

42 - 03    Abstract Design Tye    90-80 B.C.    ER
Gold/Copper Plated Stater    4.24 gms.    17 mm

Earliest Record: Sellwood, 1984 (Danebury Excavations)

OBV: abstracted head of Apollo right
Identifying points:
     1) as 42 - 01

REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
     1) as 42 - 01

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic C

NOTE: An ancient forgery.
             Weight of illustrated coin given.
             The illustrated coin was found during excavations at Danebury.
             An XRF study of the gold coating revealed traces of mercury,suggesting                   the mercury-gilding process was used – a very early occurrence of                   this technique.

42.01

42 - 01    Abstract Design Type    90-80 B.C.    R
Gold Stater    7.00 gms.    19 mm

Earliest Record: Evans, 1864

OBV: abstracted head of Apollo right
Identifying points:
     1) enlarged eye
     2) pellet and two curves for nose

REV: disjointed horse right
IMPORTED COINAGE

Identifying points:
     1) nose made up of pellet and two lines
     2) large pellet below horse

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic C

NOTES: Scheers Cl. C-II. Pl. IV, no. 86.
                Standard weight given.
                Ambianic origin.

 

Imported Gold Coinage    Gallo-Belgic E    Gallic War Type    <info>

Gold coins imported into Britain during the Gallic War.

50.0152.0152.0354.0156.01

56.01

56 - 01 Gallic War Type    ca. 55 B.C.    C
Gold Stater    6.05 gms.    17 mm

Earliest Record: Evans, 1864

OBV: blank

REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
     1) double exergual line
     2) cruder die-cutting than 54 - 01

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic E

NOTES: Scheers Cl. E-IV, Pl. VI, no. 155.
                Standard weight given.
                Ambianic origin.

52.05

52 - 05     Gallic War Type    ca. 60 B.C.    ER
Gold/Copper Plated Stater    16 mm

Earliest Record: Van Arsdell, 1989

OBV: blank
REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
     1) as 52 - 01

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic E

NOTES: Scheers Cl. E-II, Pl. VI, no. 153.
                Bronze core.
                Ancient forgery.

54.01

54 - 01    Gallic War Type    60-55 B.C.    C
Gold Stater    6.20 gms.    16 mm

Earliest Record: De La Tour, 1892

OBV: blank

REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
      1) separate pellets and crescents in exergue
      2) exergual line made up of pellets

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic E

NOTES: Scheers Cl. E-III, Pl. VI, no. 154.
                See Modern forgery 54 - 01F.
                Standard weight given.
                Ambianic origin.

52.03

52 - 03    Gallic War Type    ca. 60 B.C.    ER
Gold/Silver Plated Stater    16 mm

Earliest Record: Van Arsdell, 1989

OBV: blank

REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
     1) as 52 - 01

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic E

NOTES: Scheers Cl. E-II, Pl. VI, no. 153.
                Silver core.
                Ancient forgery, made by wrapping gold sheet
                     around a silver core, and bonding with heat.

52.01

52 - 01    Gallic War Type    ca. 60 B.C.    C
Gold Stater    6.25 gms.    16 mm

Earliest Record: Camden, 1789 (Gough edition)

OBV: blank

REV: disjointed horse right
Identifying points:
     1) horse smaller than on 50 - 01
     2) crescents and pellets in exergue
     3) exergual line is continuous

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic E

NOTES: Scheers Cl. E-II, Pl. Vl, no. 153.
                Standard weight given.
                Ambianic origin.
                Modern forgery exists—see 52 - 0IF.

50,01

50 - 01     Gallic War Type    ca. 65 B.C.    C
Gold Stater    6.35 gms.    16 mm

Earliest Record: Stukeley, 1776b

OBV: blank
REV: disjointed horse
Identifying points:
     1) large, tall horse
     2) large space surrounding pellet below horse
     3) zig-zag in exergue

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic E

NOTES: Scheers Cl. E-I, Pl. VI, nos. 151-152.
                Standard weight given.
                Ambianic origin.

 

Imported Gold Coinage    Gallo-Belgic D        <info>

Gold coins imported into Britain before and during the Gallic War.

65.0167.0167.0369.0169.03

 

 

 

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69.03

69 - 03    Geometric Type    65-50 B.C.    R
Gold Quarter Stater    1.50 gms.    14 mm

Earliest Record: Mack, 1953

OBV: almost plain
Identifying points:
     1) remnants of design from 69 - 01 may appear

REV: Geometric pattern
Identifying points:
     1) tree-like object in centre
     2) lines and curves near tree
     3) small curve on either side of tree

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic DB

NOTES: Standard weight given.
                Uncertain tribal origin.
                Some in museums.

69.01

69 - 01 Geometric Type    65-50 B.C.    S
Gold Quarter Stater    1.50 gms.    11 mm

Earliest Record: Camden, 1789 (Gough edition)

OBV: Geometric pattern
Identifying points:
     1) large curve with holes
     2) three irregular shapes below.

REV: Geometric pattern
Identifying points:
     1) tree like object in centre
     2) lines and curves near tree

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic DC

NOTES: Standard weight given.
                Uncertain tribal origin.
                Some in museums.
                Obverse has been described as a wolf-and-twins
                     or a boat with three occupants.

67.03

67 - 03    Geometric Type    65-50 B.C.    ER
Gold Quarter Stater    1.35 gms.    8 mm

Earliest Record: Evans, 1890

OBV: Almost plain
Identifying points:
     1) remnants of flower like object in centre

REV: Geometric pattern
Identifying points:
     1) similar to 67 - 01
     2) small rings below tree

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic D

NOTES: Standard weigh given.
                Uncertain tribal origin.

67.01

67 - 01    Geometric Type    65-50 B.C.    ER
Gold Quarter Stater    1.35 gms.    8 mm

Earliest Record: Mack, 1953

OBV: Almost plain
Identifying points:
     1) small flower-like object in centre

REV: Geometric pattern
Identifying points:
     1) tree like object in centre
     2) lines and curves near tree

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic DA

NOTES: Standard weight given.
                Uncertain tribal origin.
                Many in museums.

65.01

65 - 01    Geometric Type    65-50 B.C.    ER
Gold Quarter Stater    1.35 gms.    10 mm

Earliest Record: Mack, 1953

OBV: abstracted head of Apollo
Identifying points:
     1) large pellet-in-ring motif in centre

REV: opposed crescents with pellet and 6-pointed stars

CLASSIFICATION: Gallo-Belgic DA

NOTES: Other previously-designated Geometric Types are now believed to be                       derived from the Cesarean trophy denarius, and are thus                       catalogued under Kentish tribes, see 144 - 01 to 147 - 01.
                Standard weight given.
                Mack was uncertain about the Gallo-Belgic DA                       attribution.
                Most in museums.