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Plate 44     Corieltauvi    <info 1>  < 2 >

Page 2

The South Ferriby Type and its variations display the most complex series of privy marks found on any Ancient British coinage. Cleverly-made plated forgeries are known for most types, and these may have prompted the moneyers to use the privy marks. The forgeries were produced by hammering gold foil around a bronze core prior to striking, and some of the forgeries appear to be struck from official dies. The similarity between genuine and false coins, however, may only indicate the extent of technological knowledge amongst the tribal population—the forgers may have been as expert as the mint-workers in die-cutting. The proficiency of the forgers may help explain the need for complex privy marks on the genuine coins. Alternatively, future metallurgical studies may prove the marks signal changes in the gold/silver/copper relationship instead and thus serve as assay marks.

A long series of inscribed coins followed the uninscribed, and the coinage ended with the Roman suppression of tribal coinage during the fifties A.D.

Evidence of a Celtic mint has been discovered at Old Sleaford. However it is not known if it was the only Corieltauvian mint, nor if it was the mint producing the coins listed in this catalogue.

Since the 1990's, a systematic study of Corieltauvian die-links has been performed by Geoffrey Cottam, who has published some of his findings. He has suggested that some of the coins may be local issues, and others may need later dating. It is possible that the chronology given here may need revision when Cottam's full analysis is published.

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The Coinage of the Corieltauvi

The Corieltauvi occupied Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, parts of Humberside and perhaps parts of Derbyshire and South Yorkshire. The correct name of the tribe, obtained from a tile-grafitto found in 1965, is CORIELTAUVI. In the past, the tribe had been known as the "Coritani", but the new spelling has been widely accepted. The Corieltauvi, for many years, were thought to be a largely peripheral tribe, untouched by the changes transforming southern Britain. This view has been questioned by archaeological studies made after 1960. They are now considered to have been an advanced group—early to adopt the potter's wheel, for example.

The coinage was at one time thought to have a Brigantian origin because several large hoards were found in the territory of that tribe. However, more comprehensive analyses of findspots identify a Corieltauvian source, beyond doubt. Recent studies indicate the coinage was one of the earliest struck in Britain, appearing shortly after the Atrebatic/Regnan Westerham stater. The Corieltauvi struck coins continuously until the Claudian invasion. They have a complex sistem of privy marks that may have been used for die control, weight specification or perhaps identification of metallurgical content.

The coinage begins around 55 B.C. with the NORTH EAST COAST TYPE, derived stylistically from the Abstract Design Type staters of the Ambiani. These coins, struck to a standard weight of 6.25 grammes, appeared in two versions. The horse on the reverse faces either right or left, and previously it was felt the change signaled a difference in the weight of the two types. However, more recent weight studies show the difference is smaller than thought. In the current catalogue, the two are listed as a single issue. The NORTH EAST COAST TYPE was replaced about 45 B.C. by the SOUTH FERRIBY TYPE, signaling a significant weight reduction to 5.7 grammes.

Continued....

 

Corieltauvian Uncertain    IAT ISO or LAT ISO   <info>

Coins Inscribed IAT ISO or LAT ISO

This type was recorded in Stukeley's "23 Plates" in 1762, and is thus almost certainly genuine. Much modern controversy surrounds the correct reading of the insciption. The dating and issuing authority remain even more controversial. Additional work needs to be done on the type.

Silver Coins998.01Blank996.01 new

998.01

998 - 01    IAT ISO or LAT ISO    10 B.C.-10 A.D.?    ER
Silver Unit    ca. 1.0 gm    13 mm

Earliest Record: Stukeley, 1762

OBV: Line with legend
Identifying points:
     1) uncertain legend, possibly IAT or LAT
     2) possibly "IAT" is instead the legs of an animal which is off the flan

REV: Celticized horse right
Identifying points:
     1) E above horse

CLASSIFICATION: None

NOTES: The type was recorded in Stukeley 1762, plate IV, number 1.
               Modern forgeries may exist, none have yet been identified, however.

Coins inscribed ALE SCA are now thought to be Icenian.

Allen was uncertain whether the type 996 - 01 was Icenian or Corieltauvian. Taylor now suggests the type is more likely to be Icenian.

Since 2000, finds of similiar coins inscribed ALIFF SCAVO have been reported every few years. These should be considered a separate issue, possibly one with a different dating.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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